Cocaine Addiction Treatment Programs

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Residential Cocaine Addiction Treatment

Residential cocaine addiction treatment offers intensive drug addiction help over a period of weeks or months. This form of treatment has some advantages over out-patient treatment, although it may not be suitable for everyone. For example, those who are responsible for caring for young children may be better suited to attendance at an outpatient treatment program. Residential cocaine addiction treatment offers a safe, drug and alcohol-free environment where individuals can confront their own drug addiction and associated issues, with the help of qualified staff. Therapy usually consists of a mixture of group counseling, individual counseling and an introduction to the principles of a drug recovery program.

Residential cocaine addiction treatment programs have been in existence for over 40 years and are often held in drug-free residential settings that use a hierarchical model with treatment stages that reflect increased levels of personal and social responsibility. Long-Term Residential Treatment provides care 24 hours per day, generally in nonhospital settings. The best-known residential treatment model is the therapeutic community (TC), but residential treatment may also employ other models, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy. Peer influence, mediated through a variety of group processes, is used to help individuals learn and assimilate social norms and develop more effective social skills.

Being surrounded by other substance abusers is beneficial because it creates an environment free from judgment. Addicts share their stories in group settings and can release guilt and other emotions freely. Moreover they have the opportunity to build social skills with one another that they can use after rehab. Some people form relationships in residential cocaine addiction treatment programs that can help support them the rest of their lives.

Residential cocaine addiction treatment centers are clean environments. As there are no drugs or alcohol on the premises, addicts are free to focus on recovery without temptation. As addicts learn to live without drugs and alcohol, they are expected to take on more and more responsibility at the center. Treatment centers are not hospitals or hotels. They are communities, and everyone is expected to contribute to the community. People learn to help each other with their addictions, and in so doing they help themselves as well.

Residential treatment centers are the best chance for recovery from addiction, but they may not be accessible to everyone. A stay in a residential treatment center can be expensive particularly if you don't have insurance coverage. In cases where residential treatment is impossible, all is not lost. Help can be found in outpatient treatment centers, but they require intense dedication and diligence.

Many individuals admitted to residential cocaine addiction treatment have a history of social functioning, education/vocational skills, and positive community and family ties that have been eroded by their drug addiction. For them, recovery involves rehabilitation -- relearning or re-establishing healthy functioning, skills, and values as well as regaining physical and emotional health. On the other hand, other therapeutic community residents have never acquired functional life-styles. For these people, the therapeutic community is usually their first exposure to orderly living. Recovery for them involves habilitation -- learning for the first time the behavioral skills, attitudes, and values associated with socialized living.

Those attending a therapeutic community will find a second fundamental principle is taking responsibility for yourself. This implies that individuals in treatment are the main contributors to their personal change process. Also, those in recovery will help others with their recovery process. This means that those in recovery also assume partial responsibility for the recovery process of their peers. An important aspect of an individual's own treatment.

Many studies have been done to determine the effectiveness of residential cocaine addiction treatment. These studies found that participation in a therapeutic community was associated with several positive outcomes. For example, the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS), the most recent long-term study of drug treatment outcomes, showed that those who successfully completed treatment in a therapeutic community had lower levels of cocaine, heroin, and alcohol use; criminal behavior; unemployment; and indicators of depression than they had before treatment.

For example, in DATOS, which tracked 2,345 admissions to residential TC treatment between 1991 and 1993, two-thirds of admissions had a criminal justice status (e.g., on probation, on parole, or pending trial) at admission, and about a third had been referred to treatment from the criminal justice system. Nearly a third of admissions were women, and nearly half were African American. Sixty percent had prior drug abuse treatment experience.

Good outcomes from therapeutic community treatment are strongly related to treatment duration, which likely reflects benefits derived from the underlying treatment process. Still, treatment duration is a convenient, robust predictor of good outcomes. Individuals who complete at least 90 days of treatment in a therapeutic community have significantly better outcomes on average than those who stay for shorter periods.

Usually, stays in therapeutic communities have varied from 18 to 24 months. Recently, however, funding restrictions have forced many therapeutic communities to significantly reduce stays to 12 months or less and/or develop alternatives to the traditional residential model.

For individuals with many serious problems (e.g., multiple drug addictions, criminal involvement, mental health disorders, and low employment), research again suggests that outcomes were better for those who received therapeutic community treatment for 90 days or more.

Many people who enter residential cocaine addiction treatment drop out before receiving all the benefits that treatment can provide. Successful outcomes may require more than one treatment experience. Many addicted individuals have multiple episodes of treatment, often with a cumulative impact.

Current research into drug addiction has shown the effects of long-term cocaine use result in substantial changes of the user's brain. These effects have been shown to last long after they have stopped using drugs. Keeping this fact in mind, it is not surprising that it takes more than just sheer willpower and self-control to for an addict to remain drug free. Each day is a battle for them to remain sober when confronted with cravings for cocaine, re-stimulation from their environment, pressure from those around them, as well as changes to the way their brain functions. Entering a residential cocaine addiction treatment program helps them to not only detox from cocaine but also learn tools to conquer the many obstacles they face daily on their road to cocaine addiction recovery.